In July 2010, the United Nations General Assembly created UN Women, the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women. In doing so, UN Member States took an historic step in accelerating the Organization’s goals on gender equality and the empowerment of women. The National Council of Women of Canada is an NGO (Non-Governmental Organization) and is a member of the ICW (International Council of Women) which has Consultative Status (Category I) at the United Nations Economic and Social Council. The NCWC has Consultative Status (Category II) at the United Nations Economic and Social Council. Each year we send a delegation to the meetings of the United Nations Commission on the Status of Women in New York in March.
Instructions: Click on the “+” sign to view the information on the topics shown below.
The UN was never meant to supplant national or local governments but to deal with problems that go beyond national borders. Only the Security Council can enforce the decisions of its members, and it is sometimes paralyzed because of the lack of agreement. Binding Treaties, found in Conventions, provide the next level of authority but there are no enforcement mechanisms. They depend for their influence on the moral pressure from peers and public pressure from the NGOs and occasionally through the media. This type of pressure is unreliable but can still be significant in “pushing the envelope” of awareness and commitment, or the reverse, in building cynicism and negativism towards the work of the UN.
The original 50 members now number 193 and the problems and international agencies to deal with them have responded in number and complexity.
In parallel to the family of UN agencies, the Bretton Woods Institutions (BWIs), the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the World and Regional Banks, and since 1995, the World Trade Organization (WTO), have developed to deal with the issues of trade, investment and finance.
A growing problem today is how these two sets of institutions relate and the problems of securing policy coherence among them.
- To save succeeding generations from the scourge of war, which twice in our lifetime has brought untold sorrow to mankind, and
- To reaffirm faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person, in the equal rights of men and women and of nations large and small, and
- To establish conditions under which justice and respect for the obligations arising from treaties and other sources of international law can be maintained, and
- To promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom,
And For These Ends
- To practice tolerance and live together in peace with one another as good neighbours, and
- To unite our strength to maintain international peace and security, and
- To ensure, by the acceptance of principles and the institution of methods, that armed force shall not be used, save in the common interest, and
- To employ international machinery for the promotion of the economic and social advancement of all peoples,
Have Resolved to Combine Our Efforts To Accomplish These Aims
Accordingly, our respective Governments, through representatives assembled in the city of San Francisco, who have exhibited their full powers found to be in good and due form, have agreed to the present Charter of the United Nations and do hereby establish an international organization to be known as the United Nations.